Kuder Welcomes

Kuder is pleased to announce that two doctoral candidates from The Pennsylvania State University are serving as Kuder research fellows supporting the work of the Kuder research faculty.

Kristen Carnevale and Deborah D. Lee are working with Dr. Hoi Suen and Dr. Jerry Trusty, respectively, on the evaluation and development of the Kuder career assessments.


Kristen Carnevale

Carnevale is a doctoral candidate in Penn State's counselor education program. Her research and scholarly work has focused on career counseling, minority college student career needs, self-efficacy and role strain in men and women in nontraditional careers, and the intersectionality of various identities (e.g. gender, race, SES) and career decision making and outcomes.

In her role as a Kuder research fellow, Carnevale has been coordinating and managing focus groups comprised of secondary students, postsecondary students, and young adults to evaluate the salience of particular career values in recent generations and to solicit input on important values.

“Kristen has done excellent work on Kuder's work values assessments,” said Dr. Trusty. “She has led focus groups and gathered valuable information on the work values held by contemporary students and young workers.”

Carnevale said she’s invigorated to work with “such an impressive and dedicated group of individuals in the pursuit of helping people to identify their career values and translate those to next steps.”


Deborah D. Lee

Lee is a doctoral candidate in Penn State's educational psychology program. Her research interests include bias and fairness issues in cross-cultural and linguistic adaptations of assessments, institutional/large data, career assessments, early childhood interventions, reliability and validity methods, and program evaluation.

In her role a Kuder research fellow, Lee utilizes quantitative and qualitative methods to examine the structural and psychometric equivalences of cross-culturally adapted and translated assessments. From conducting psychometric/statistical analyses to designing and leading think-aloud protocols, she works to detect and remove cultural and/or linguistic biases to ensure Kuder assessments are reliable and valid.

“Deborah provides many valuable technical and analytic contributions to Kuder research and development projects,” said Dr. Suen. “Perhaps the most important support she has provided to date has been in two key steps, called think-aloud protocols and differential item functioning (DIF) analyses, in our process to localize Kuder assessments to different client cultures, languages, and nations.”

“I love helping individuals of diverse backgrounds receive the guidance and tools they need to be successful,” said Lee. “Not just in their careers, but also in life.”

  1. career assessments